Wedges have the greatest loft of all the clubs in golf, which enables you to spin the ball. Gene Sarazen invented the sand wedge in 1931. The sand wedge has a loft of between 54 - 58 degrees. It usually has one of the shortest shafts between 33 inches (84cm) and 36 inches (91cm).
Many golfers use the sand wedge when not in the bunker. Many use it as a short distance approach to the green from 80 to 100 yards out.
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The pitching wedge has a loft that ranges from 45 to 49 degrees. Pitching wedges have between zero and 10 degrees of bounce, most pitching wedges have a low bounce of 2 or 3 degrees.
A full shot with a pitching wedge can carry between 80 yards and 130 yards, depending on swing and club design. It is also used for short bump and run shots 30 yards off the green.
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You will hear the term Gap Wedge quite often which is a wedge that fills the gap between a sand wedge and a pitching wedge. These have a 50 - 54 degree loft. Many gap wedges are 52 degrees in loft.
Most players like to have a 4 degree separation between clubs. There is a lob wedge which has a loft of 60 degrees or more. All the major club manufacturers make wedges, the one company that promotes itself the most as making the best wedges is Cleveland.
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Here are some more wedges to choose from.
Next to putting wedge play is the most important. If you can get the ball close to the pin from 100 yards and in you put yourself in a position to make a putt for birdie.
I strongly recommend that you check out some instructional videos for improving your wedge play and chipping around the greens. I really believe you can lower your score by 5 shots or per round with better play around the greens. I would definitely practice this part of your game a lot